People who play the musical instruments must not only be limited to playing them rather he should have complete knowledge about the parts of the instrument and the basic techniques to repair the instrument if it is in a non-working condition. Mostly the beginners playing violin are unaware of the various strings of violin also. However, it is very important for the musicians to know these things.
Knowledge about the instruments helps you to reduce the maintenance cost of the instrument since you yourself can repair it. You need not go to the experts for any small damages caused to your instrument. Therefore, it is very important for the people who play violin to have knowledge about the different types of strings used in violin.
If taken into account strings are the most important component in stringed instruments. They are used to produce an enjoyable melodious sound. Violin also falls under the category of stringed instruments. We have different kinds of violins with different specialties in them. The difference in the violins is actually the different strings used in the violins, rest all other parts are almost the same.
Gut core strings
These strings are the most commonly used strings amongst the violinists. The reason behind using these strings is that they produce a very good warm and melodious sound when they are combined with composite overtones in them.
Gut strings on touching give a very supple and bendy feel to the fingers. These strings are mostly used by the professionals because it is difficult to tune these types of strings. They may produce an unstable pitch if they are not tuned properly.
These strings have a drawback that they have a very adverse response to the weather changes due to which violinists have to tune the violin very frequently.
These strings came into account in the early 19th century and are mostly used amongst the beginners or fiddler or among the non-classical players also.
Classical players avoid having a screechy sound and these steel strings produce a metallic sound which has a screechy feel in them due to which they are not the choice of classical players. Steel strings are capable of overcoming overtones resulting in a clear and bright sound. The benefit of these types of strings is that, they stay tuned for the longest possible time in comparison to other strings and also are also present at affordable prices.
Synthetic strings are also commonly known as Dominants and are manufactured using nylon-perlon. These strings were launched in the year 1970s. These strings are quite similar to the gut core strings and the main point is they do not bear the disadvantages of gut core strings.
They are easy to maintain and stabilize the tuning as they can be stretched and stabilized quickly and very easily. They are also not effected by any climatic change. The invention of these types of strings has actually reformed the sound of the violins. These strings can be used by anyone, be it a professional in violin or a beginner, almost all the violinists prefer these strings. In fact most of the violinists have been seen using synthetic strings for playing any kind of music. These strings are easily available in the market at reasonable prices.
How to replace the violin strings?
Violinists should always know how to change the strings of the violin. The strings should be placed very properly and carefully as it is the most important or you can say heart of the instrument. The primary thing of getting a violin repaired is changing the string of a violin.
Basic rule of changing the string is that you need to change it one by one. Never change all the strings present in the violin at once. This may have several problems like
- There are chances that the sound post or the fingerboard may get damage which will lead to an increase in your work. You may need to repair the violin.
- You may not remember the sequence of the strings removed. If you replace it one by one it will be easier for you remember which string was removed to be replaced and the chances of mistakes are reduced.
It is advised by the experts to replace the strings in an order. Primarily the ‘G’ string should be replaced and maintaining the sequence it should end up with ‘E’. Given below is the procedure to replace the strings.
- Firstly you need to curl the tuning peg of the string which is intended to be replaced. Remember that it should be done in the way that slackens the string making the string to get unwounded completely since this will help you to pull out the string easily. In case, you have a fine tuner then get the ball end and then curl the peg in order to remove the string.
- Now take the new string and curl it and bend it a little bit towards the reverse end of the ball. It provides you with an extra grip when you drag the string through the hole. Now put this end through the peg hole and the peg hole should now be a little bit inside the peg box.
- Start winding the peg and meanwhile keep your finger tips on the peg hole to avoid slipping of string and continue to curl until it gets tuned resolutely.
- Now on the bridge of the violin allow the ball end to slip and then test the tuning continuously until the desired length is achieved and accordingly check the pitch, sound and tension.
- Repeat these steps again and again to replace the other strings.
The above-mentioned points give you a clear idea about how to use and replace the strings of the violin. It now depends on you that which kind of string is more compatible for your instrument according to the genre of the music you play and the type of string you are more comfortable with.
Apart from the drums you find around the world, violins are also a very popular musical instrument. So, apart from learning how to play a violin, learn about the strings and ways to replace the strings of your violin.