How Can You Learn To Read Music

Music is something which is loved by almost everyone in this world. Music affects your brain in a positive way and has several other benefits. The positive effects of music in depression, anxiety and sleeplessness cannot be ignored.

True Music Lover from all over the world craves for listening to good quality music and also look forward to learn the songs well. For the people who love to listen to music also tend to learn how to read music.

Music also has its own language. Many people think that the language of music is quite tough to understand and write specially for the beginners. There are specific keys like symbols and signs which generally represent the musical notes which you need to understand in order to understand the language of music.

How Can You Learn To Read Music

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Getting Started With The Basics


You must learn about some small things which are very much important to know before getting started to learn music. The horizontal lines present on the piece of the music are called as staff. Staff is said as the most basic symbol amongst all of the musical symbols and is also the base for everything.

Staff basically is an order of five parallel line and the spaces among them. Both the spaces and the lines are numbered for reference. The spaces and the lines assumed are always counted from the bottom most part of the staff to the top most part of the staff.

How Can You Learn To Read Music

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About treble clef

One of the major things which you will come across while you read music is the clef. Clef is basically a sign, a cursive symbol at the left end side of the staff. This tells you about the approximate range your instrument will play. The higher ranges voices and instruments always use treble clef, now let’s focus on some examples.

  • As stated earlier the five lines from the bottom is represented as E G B D F
  • The notes: F A C E represents the four spaces from the bottom up.
  • The ornamental Latin letter G derives the treble clef or G clef.
  • All these things may seem to be difficult to remember but can be remembered easily if you try making patterns and learn it.
How Can You Learn To Read Music

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Learning about the Bass Clef

The bass clef also commonly called as the F clef which used in the lower registers for the instruments, it includes bass guitar, trombone etc.

  • The name “F clef” comes from the Gothic letter F. The two dots are present on the clef are situated above and below the “F” line on the staff.
  • The bottom to top lines represent the notes: G B D F A
  • The bottom to top four spaces represent the notes: A C E G
How Can You Learn To Read Music

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Understand About The Parts Of A Note

Know about the parts of a note – The note symbols make a combination of three basic things: the flags, the note head, and the stem.

The flag – Flag is generally a curved shape stroke attached to the end part of the stem. Flag has nothing to do with the place where stem is attached it may be left or right of the note head, but flag is always placed to the right side of the stem and not the left side of the stem.

The note head – the note head is oval in shape that is either white (open) or black (closed). If we see its basic it guides the performer about the note in which the instrument should be played.

The stem – stem if seen is a thin vertical line which is attached to the note head. If the stem is pointing upward then it signifies that it is joining the right side of the note head and if the stem is pointing downwards then it means it is joining the left side of note head. There is no effect on the note because of the direction despite it makes it easy for people to read and understand.

How Can You Learn To Read Music

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After You Are Done With The Basics Now You Need To Know About The Meter And Time

  • First of all you need to learn about the measure lines which you will observe in the music sheet represented as thin vertical lines.
  • After you recognize the measure lines then you got to know about the timing or meter, meter can generally be described as the beat in which you feel in music. You feel the meter mostly when you go for pop or rock type of music. One of the most easiest techniques to understand 4/4 time is understanding the four beats in which each quarter note equals one single beat. This is time mark which you will come across in most of the music.

Key Signatures Must Also Be Known

Basically there is one note in each scale however the experts can find two notes in every scale which are the key signatures. For example, the G# key sounds exactly like A, however there is a difference in the key stroke. There are composers who use key signatures to write the music.The major key signatures in most of the scales are:

  • The key C or atonal
  • Keys which use sharps like G, D, A, E, B, C#, F#
  • The keys which use flats like F, B, A, D, G, B.
  • While moving through the sharp key signatures one sharp key is added every time. While going through the flat key signatures, each flat key is added in the note every time.
  • Mostly composers write the music including key signatures so that it is easy to read through them. A very common key for stringed instruments is D since the open strings are related to D.

Rhythm Is An Important Part To Understand

As described above in meter and time rhythm is also considered to be the most important part to have a good music taste. The main difference between meter and rhythm is that meters describes you about the number of beats but rhythm teaches you how to use those particular beats to frame a good music loved by most.

Just imagine that you are walking in a particular fashion, each step you walk looks like a rhythm of the music. The pace with which you walk represent the half and the full notes.

Once you understand the paces, you will get to know about the notes of the rhythm. Various notes are grouped together to form packages which have a different meaning. Beaming is represented by thick lines. In beaming the notes are grouped in a logical way.

The ties and dots must also be known. Towards the right side of the dot head a dot is placed which increases the value of the note by one half.

How Can You Learn To Read Music

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Know The Natural, Sharp And Flat Keys

After you know the basics of melody and rhythm you can easily understand the meaning of squiggles and dots. The key signatures of these keys are:

A sharp music is denoted by the # tag. On the other hand, a flat one is represented by lowercase B. The tags are played half a step higher for sharp music and half a step lower for flat music. Since we know that the white keys are the C scale, it does not have flats or sharps.

Take Your Time Whenever You Want To Learn Reading Music

Learning a new thing is not so easy. Never be in a hurry to learn anything new. It is not a race. Take time and learn the order of the notes properly. It is very important to learn the basic notes of memory in such a way that you never forget them in your life.

Write the letters on a paper, or you can save them in a document and go through them whenever you open your computer, sticky notes would also be helpful. Keep saying the letters during your daily activities also. Learn the letters in a proper order.

The order is E – G – B – D – F – A – C

This order must be known to everyone who reads music since it helps you to read everything about music.

How Can You Learn To Read Music

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Hence, now it might have become easier for you to read and understand the language of music. The special notes and symbols of music represent music in a different way. Write music based on this language and prepare a sheet for your home recording studio. Once you know the symbols well you can pull off the song excellently.

From the notes and symbols mentioned above it might have become clear to you that there are various elements of music. Go through all the elements in a detailed manner and you will realize that music is not so tough to learn.

Hence, start getting used to with the language of music and show your true passion towards music. It not only improves your knowledge in a difference field but also helps you in many other ways.

Make music a part of your life and enjoy your life.

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